The best walkie talkies to maintain solid comms (2023)

Written By Scott Murdock

Updated Mar 29, 2022 3:26 PM

If your primary reason for shopping for the best walkie talkies is to have an excuse to use callsigns, I can’t blame you. I remember when my buddy and I convinced our Marines that there was a NATO formula used to determine callsigns we had given them, like “frosting,” “sprinkles,” and “albatross.”

Of course, there are other reasons to look for the best walkie talkies beyond making up games for yourself and your friends. They’re a huge asset in emergency situations that knock out phone lines and cell service, but they’re also really helpful when you’re traveling in a group, whether you’re hiking a mountain or road-tripping in a convoy across the country.

The good news is that there are a lot of great options, and they don’t cost a whole lot. If you have some room in your budget, you can up your game with beefy radios that pack all kinds of tech like text messaging and GPS navigation. We picked some of the best the market has to offer for this gear guide and found some great background information to help you make an informed purchase. Over.


Motorola Talkabout T800

Best Overall

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The Motorola Talkabout might be the king of versatility when it comes to walkie talkies. We love the capabilities it brings to the table for buyers who want to make one radio purchase and be done with it.

Each of this radio’s 23 channels comes with 121 privacy codes. That gives you 2,662 chances to lock down a relatively secure signal free of other groups’ chatter. In addition to the ability to receive NOAA weather alerts, you’ll be able to pair this radio with your phone using the Motorola Talkabout app to navigate and access text messaging without cellular service.

All of this is wrapped up in a water-resistant package that upholds Motorola’s reputation for build quality — and while the T800 may be pricey, it does so many things well that we can’t think of a better do-it-all solution for a range of uses.

Product Specs

  • Service: FRS
  • Transmission power: Two watts
  • Channels: 23
  • NOAA alerts: Yes


Texting and vibration alerts provide silent communication

Capable of location sharing off-grid

Huge selection of privacy codes

Can be used with a rechargeable battery or disposable batteries


Claimed range is optimistic in real-world environments

Talkabout app is nice but could be better

IPX4 waterproof rating is underwhelming at this price


Retevis RB18

Best Value

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It’s hard to find a better bargain than this RB18 three-pack from Retevis. Not only does this bundle save you money, but it’ll provide you with a lot more than you paid for.

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The RB18 can access 23 channels in addition to 10 NOAA weather channels that are great for tracking incoming storms while there’s still time to prepare. It also has a built-in flashlight for use during emergency situations. The illuminated screen displays the current channel selection and battery life. A microphone jack allows you to get the most out of the radio’s voice-activated capability.

These are all nice features to have, and getting them at such a low price makes the deal that much better. If you’re looking for a beginner walkie-talkie that you won’t immediately outgrow, this is the one for you.

Product Specs

  • Service: FRS
  • Transmission power: Two watts
  • Channels: 22
  • NOAA alerts: Yes


Three chargers are included, one for each radio

Voice activation included with nine sensitivity settings

Built-in flashlight is a nice backup for emergency use

NOAA weather alerts keep you in the loop


Construction is fine, but not exactly rugged

Battery life has only 14 hours of use

Disposable batteries cannot be used as a backup


Garmin inReach Mini

Editor’s Choice

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Leave it to Garmin to push the boundaries of what a piece of gear is capable of. The inReach Mini looks and sounds like a walkie talkie — just miniature — but it uses technology to communicate in a very different way.

Rather than transmitting via radio frequencies like the other walkie talkies on this list, the inReach Mini uses satellite signals to contact other compatible devices. Garmin’s satellite network covers the entire globe and connects the inReach Mini to other devices including smartwatches regardless of distance. This connection also allows access to accurate GPS location and off-grid navigation.

All this tech is cool, but not everyone can access it. You won’t be able to reach people who are using radios. This is also a very expensive option that requires a subscription to keep it operational.

Product Specs

  • Service: Satellite
  • Transmission power: Not applicable
  • Channels: Not applicable
  • NOAA alerts: No


Unlimited range and global service

GPS navigation is included and accurate to five meters

SOS feature summons help via automatic distress signal

Lasts 50 hours on one charge


Restricted to communicating with compatible devices

Costly to buy and requires a monthly subscription

Navigation is good but the screen is very basic


Backcountry Access BC Link 2.0

Best Heavy-Duty

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When staying operational in extreme environments is your top priority, trust your comms to the Backcountry Access BC Link 2.0. This radio is built for backcountry skiers and snowboarders, so you know that harsh weather and big impacts won’t even faze it.

The BC Link 2.0 comes loaded with 22 channels and 121 security codes for each one so you can always find a clear line of communication. When you’re not using it, pop the radio into standby mode and keep the battery alive for up to 400 hours. Control settings on the radio itself, or stow it and use duplicate controls on the handset. This radio is overbuilt to endure high speeds and big jumps, and the mic is even designed to prevent snow from packing into the grill.

There are radios on this list with more advanced features, but they can’t top the durability of the BC Link 2.0. If we were looking for a radio that could handle extreme sports, this would be our pick.

Product Specs

  • Service: FRS
  • Transmission power: Two watts
  • Channels: 22
  • NOAA alerts: No


Incredibly rugged and built to take a beating

Extremely long battery life

Extra set of controls on the handset

Includes 22 channels, each with 121 security codes


Midland T75 VP3 X-Talker

Best for Hunting

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If you use a walkie talkie when you go hunting, you’re lucky. That means you have at least one hunting buddy who doesn’t move around on all fours. The Midland T75 VP3 X-Talker will do the trick more times than not.

Like the other radios on this list, the T75 uses FRS frequencies and is exempt from government licensing, which is always nice. It’s easy to use, comes preloaded with more channels than anything else here, and has the usual 121 privacy codes. Mossy Oak Beak-Up camouflage and five animal calls were added specifically for hunters.

There are two potential pitfalls to keep in mind. One is the limited range you’ll experience in the woods. The other is the possibility of putting this camo radio in silent mode and misplacing it. That’s absolutely something we would do.

Product Specs

  • Service: FRS
  • Transmission power: Two watts
  • Channels: 36
  • NOAA alerts: Yes


Camouflage and silent mode keep this radio under the radar

Includes five animal call tones

Battery packs charge in three hours and last several days

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Weather alerts keep you ahead of the storm


Text messaging would be really nice on a hunting radio

No room for aftermarket customization

Line-of-sight radios have limited range in dense vegetation


Retevis RT49P

Best Waterproof

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If you’re like us, you have to assume that every piece of gear you bring near a body of water will eventually fall in. Apparently, the people at Retevis feel our pain because the RT49P is built for just such an occasion.

The first step to surviving an unscheduled aquatic encounter is not immediately plunging to the bottom. The RT49P floats, so that won’t be an issue. It’ll just bob along until you’re able to scoop it up. That’s no problem because the neon green color is easy to spot. Finally, the IP67 waterproof rating means this radio can be submerged a meter underwater for 30 minutes before leaking. Check, check, and check.

When you’re not fishing your walkie talkies out of the drink, you can take advantage of 22 channels, NOAA weather alerts, and high-quality mics that filter out ambient noise to create a clear transmission.

Product Specs

  • Service: FRS
  • Transmission power: Two watts
  • Channels: 22
  • NOAA alerts: Yes


Floats so you won’t lose it

Waterproof so you won’t destroy it

NOAA alerts available on 11 weather channels

Digital display keeps all information in one place


Battery life is very limited at eight hours in use

Display can be hard to read in bright sunlight

Heavier batteries may compromise the ability to float


Midland T51 VP3

Best for Emergencies

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If your style of emergency preparation involves a bug out bag, a four-wheel drive, and several cases of buried ammo, your emergency radio probably goes well beyond the FRS gear we put on this list. The rest of us need something simple, easy to operate, and readily accessible like the Midland T51 VP3.

This set of six walkie talkies is perfect for families who want to be prepared for anything. Emergencies are rarely conveniently timed, so it’s important to have radios stashed where you can get to them in a hurry, and that calls for buying in bulk. Each of these radios provides access to 22 FRS channels, NOAA weather alerts, and hours of battery life from a single AA battery.

They aren’t what we’d take into the wild unknown, but they’re just what you need to round up the family when something goes down.

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Product Specs

  • Service: FRS
  • Transmission power: Two watts
  • Channels: 22
  • NOAA alerts: Yes


Affordable way to outfit the whole family

Each radio only requires one AA battery

Weather alerts give you time to prepare

Small and light enough to grab and go


Battery life is limited

Limited range means everyone needs to stay close

Cannot be paired with other devices for more capabilities

Why you should trust us

After my time in the Marine Corps, I know that maintaining reliable communication is serious business. It matters when you’re using a PRC-152 overseas and it matters when you’re keeping tabs on the kids during a camping trip. We’ve made sure to bring you the best gear recommendations for everything from shit-hits-the-fan survival gear to tactically acquiring a slice of pizza. If a product doesn’t make us personally want to use it, it doesn’t get anywhere near our gear guides. Every radio on this list has earned not only our confidence, but the trust of thousands of owners who use them, abuse them, and sing their praises on radio forums all over the internet.

Types of walkie talkies

Walkie talkie can take on a few different meanings, but it’s important to know what you’re talking about before you buy a set of radios and hit the push-to-talk button for the first time. First and foremost, you need to know that the radios you buy can do what you need them to do. Second, it’s a good idea to make sure you won’t be incurring the wrath of the feds. Don’t worry, we have your back.

Citizen’s band

Citizen’s band radios are hugely popular with truckers because of their respectable range (anywhere from three to 20 miles, depending on the radio and environment) and low cost. Both of these advantages come courtesy of CB radio’s reliance on AM frequencies. No license is required, but FCC rules and stubborn Texas lawmen still apply.

These radios are larger than a walkie talkie, so they’re best suited to use in a building or vehicle. One of the advantages is the ability to purchase components separately, so you can choose the radio, handset, and antenna that work best for you. If you spend a lot of time on the road, a CB radio can be a solid alternative to a walkie talkie.

Family Radio Service (FRS)

When most people talk about walkie talkies, they’re referring to radios that operate on frequencies reserved for the family radio service. Easy access to radio communication was in jeopardy at one point, and we owe a debt of gratitude to Radio Shack for stepping in and convincing the federal government to protect certain wavelengths for the general public.

These FRS radios have limited range and strength of signal because their transmitting power cannot exceed two watts, but they’re inexpensive and easy to use. They’ve become increasingly popular over the years with people who enjoy spending time in the outdoors and families who want to stay in touch on the go. We focused on FRS radios for this list, since they don’t require any kind of license or training to operate and come ready to rock out of the box.

General mobile radio service

Like the FRS band, general mobile radio service uses FM radio to communicate. This results in signal quality that’s much stronger and clearer than what you’d get from a CB radio. The difference between FRS and GMRS lies in power output. Stepping up to a GMRS radio will get you access to a better signal, increased range, and less chatter from other users.

The downside of GMRS radios is that they’re subject to more government regulation. Users need to be licensed to operate on these frequencies. Licensure isn’t expensive, but it’s an extra step that isn’t necessary for most people and (shocker) it’s unnecessarily complicated.

Amateur radio

Amateur radios sound like the easiest option for new users, but the name is a little misleading. This “ham” designation isn’t aimed at new users who want to chat while they hunt, hike, or ski; it’s for enthusiasts who want to learn the ins and outs of how radios work.

Tampering with your radios is frowned upon and may get you in hot water with the authorities — unless you have a ham radio license. In fact, licensed radio operators are encouraged to tinker with their equipment and experiment with getting the most out of it. These radios are far more powerful than anything else on this list, and are capable of achieving tremendous range.

Key features of walkie talkies


If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it. The old adage about keeping things simple definitely appies to walkie talkies. Cellular service gets better every day, but it still has massive blind spots in parts of the country where people like to enjoy the outdoors. Our phones are also vulnerable to service outages that can leave hige segments of the population in the dark.

Walkie talkies don’t have this problem because they create their own network and have their own power source. As long as you have a charged battery and reasonably clear environment, you can establish communications with an inexpensive set of radios. The downside is range––most walkie talkies tap out after a mile. That’s better than nothing, though, and it’ll do the trick most of the time.


Manufacturers are packing all kinds of innovative features into newer radios, including the ability to send information via text. Coverage for this kind of service is much better than cellular service, and it’s extremely reliable. Radios can even send packaged information including a user’s GPS location, speed, and type of broadcast station.

Text communication between radios can be limited to a few preprogrammed messages, or it can allow you to type out custom messages. Some radios can even reach people via email. This capability is a big advantage in situations where noise discipline is important or audio communication is compromised. Radios with this capability might require a radio license.


Most people who use walkie talkies also have a use for a GPS device. Manufacturers like Garmin are killing two birds with one stone by offering walkie talkies that include GPS and a digital map. This might be more than most people need, but if your style of adventure takes you far off the beaten path, this is the way to go.

These radios aren’t cheap, but they beat carrying separate devices, and build quality tends to be excellent. Entry-level options offer two-way communication and basic navigation capability, while the very best feature large, full-color displays and advanced navigational aids.

Benefits of walkie talkies

Emergency preparedness

Most people probably buy walkie talkies with a “just in case” mindset. These little devices provide peace of mind because they can still function when other modes of communication fail. During a natural disaster or outdoor mishap, they can deliver life-saving messages when cell phones and computers fail.

If this is your rationale for buying a set of walkie talkies, think about the situations that would require you to use them. Opting for a waterproof option isn’t a bad idea. You’ll probably want more than two. Stage radios in multiple places, so each member of your family or group can get to one easily and quickly if something goes wrong. And, of course, keep them charged at all times.

Ready to road trip

Those of us who love a good road trip can definitely benefit from a good walkie talkie. CB radios are still the king of the road when it comes to reaching other drivers, but a simple walkie talkie can get the trick done, too.

Compared to cell phones, radios do a much better job of keeping our eyes on the road. They also have longer battery life and don’t burn up your data. Less powerful radios sometimes struggle to penetrate a vehicle’s sheet metal, though, so keep that in mind if road trips are a priority for you. You’ll also need to stay within about a mile of other members in your group.

Built for the outdoors

As capable as cell phones are, they aren’t built to take very much abuse. Call it bravery if you want, but we think pulling out your $1,000 phone to make a call from a canoe sounds like a really bad idea. Better tuck that thing away for safekeeping.

Walkie talkies are far simpler, more durable, and may even be waterproof and float. They do everything you need them to do when you’re out camping, backpacking, hunting, or otherwise exploring the great outdoors. They’re also relatively inexpensive, so you don’t have to baby them. Some even come with GPS capability, so you can navigate and communicate using one device.

Pricing considerations of walkie talkies


Entry-level walkie talkies cost less than $30 for a pair and can be a real hit-or-miss proposition. On one hand, FRS radios are basic enough that good ones really don’t cost very much to produce. On the other hand, there are plenty of manufacturers who will happily sell you a toy that’s of little use in the real world.

We found some very cost-effective options, including one three-pack for less than $40 that averages out to land in this category. It’s basic, sure, but it can still get the job done as long as you understand its limitations and don’t stray too far.


This is a pretty broad range, between $30 and $100, and it’s where you’ll find the majority of radios we recommend. Walkie Talkies in this category will have a usable degree of durability and some mix of specialized features like waterproofing, Bluetooth, or other activity-specific capabilities.

All FRS radios are capped at two watts of transmitting power by the FCC, so range is pretty uniform across makes and models. Differences in price are a result of build quality and added features. The good news is that, no matter what your needs are, there’s a good chance your next walkie talkie costs less than $100.


Once you break the $100 mark, a lot of really nice features become available. Not only do walkie talkies in this price range come chock-full of channels, privacy codes, and other tech, they’re durable and backed by some of the leading names in the communication business.

This is where you’ll find the types of radios used by backcountry guides and extreme athletes. It’s also where you can get your hands on the latest technology, like satellite networks that connect devices anywhere in the world. Prices can go well beyond $100. We included one option that breaks the $300 barrier so, if this is what you want, bring a few bills along for the ride.

How we chose our top picks

Our goal for this gear guide was to showcase the best walkie talkies that are ready to go out of the box with no specialized training or licensing. Sure, GMRS and ham radios will blow these little FRS walkie talkies out of the water in terms of performance, but they’re also subject to government regulations and can require specialized knowledge to operate effectively. Beyond that, we weeded out radios with spotty ownership experience to make sure we only presented quality products with track records of success.

FAQs about walkie talkies

You’ve got questions, Task & Purpose has answers.

Q. How much range do I need?

A: The useable range of most walkie talkies is pretty limited––typically less than a mile. It’s possible to get better results, but going much further requires a license. Becoming a licensed radio operator isn’t expensive and it opens the doors to higher quality radios.

Q. What features do I need to consider when buying a walkie-talkie?

A: Which walkie talkie you choose depends on what you plan to use it for. Some things to consider are waterproofing, texting, GPS capabilities, and the number of channels your radio comes programmed with.

Q. What’s the difference between VHF and UHF radios?

A: Radio frequencies are classified by their wavelength. VHF (very high frequency) radios use wavelengths between 30 and 300 megahertz and are useful in unobstructed outdoor settings. UHF (ultra-high frequency) radios operate between 300 and 3,000 megahertz and provide a higher quality signal.

Q. How much do walkie talkies cost?

A: Most FRS radios, like those on this list, cost less than $100. Entry-level sets can be found for less than $40 and premium ones can go for nearly $200. The latest and greatest cost even more than that.

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What is the most durable walkie-talkie? ›

DEWALT DXFRS300 Heavy-Duty Walkie-Talkies
  • Motorola T100 Talkabout Radio.
  • DEWALT DXFRS300 Heavy-Duty Walkie-Talkies.
  • Long Range Walkie Talkies with NOAA Weather Alert.
  • Midland LXT630VP3 36 Channel FRS Two-Way Radio.
  • Topsung M880 FRS Wakie-Talkies.
  • MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS Talkabout T460 Rechargeable Two-Way Radio.
22 May 2022

What is the most powerful walkie-talkie without license? ›

The DigiX Nano is one of the smallest and most powerful unlicensed walkie talkies available on the market. It has 10-hour continuous battery life and a number of useful features including group call and remote monitor as well as the ability to record 200 hours of communication on its flash memory.

How do you get the best reception on a walkie-talkie? ›

Three Tips for Extending Two Way Radio Range
  1. Improve the antenna - Larger antennas can boost the range of a two way radio. ...
  2. Use a repeater – Signal repeaters can help extend range. ...
  3. Make sure your batteries are good – Low battery strength can impact the strength of your radio signal.

How many watts is a good walkie-talkie? ›

Most handheld two-way radios on the market today use between 0.5-5 watts of power to broadcast a signal. Some business radios are designed to run on slightly more power - between 1-5 watts depending on the model.

What type of walkie talkie does the military use? ›

RT29 is a walkie talkie specially designed for this purpose. It has excellent transmit signal, high-gain antenna, and the ability to receive weak signals at extreme distances. It can easily penetrate multi-layer concrete walls and multiple blocks to transmit signals to you.

What's the difference between a walkie talkie and a two-way radio? ›

Unlike walkie-talkies where you have to remain on receive mode while someone is talking, two-way radios allow you to deliver your message at the same time. Similar to walkie-talkies, they do not require towers and can be used without electricity.

What walkie-talkies do not need a license? ›

MURS VHF Radios – Example: Motorola RMM Series Radios like the RMM2050 are great for outdoor use with no FCC license required. FCC LICENSE REQUIRED - these radios are pretty much all other radios, UHF and VHF, Analog or Digital.

What radio frequencies can I use without a license? ›

UPDATED 10/02/2022
  • PMR stands for Personal Mobile Radio.
  • 446 refers to the UHF frequency range 446MHz, on which licence-free radios are permitted to operate. ...
  • Licence-free radios are generally lower-powered, handheld radios with a maximum power output of 0.5 watts.

What walkie-talkie can I use without a license? ›

An FRS walkie talkie does not require FCC license to operate.

How far can a 1 watt radio transmit? ›

Car, Boat, & Other Radios (Mobile & Fixed-Mount)
Average Range Guidelines *
WattageFlat Open Terrain (miles)Urban Areas (miles)
1 watt (UHF)2 - 3½ - 1¼
2 watts (UHF)3 - 41 - 1½
2 watts (VHF)3 - 5¾ - 1
5 more rows

What is the average range of a walkie talkie? ›

General Coverage. A good general guide is to expect a business walkie talkie working in simplex operation to have about 1 to 2 KM (1-1.5 Miles) of coverage. We do have a number of customers that do experience further distances, but it's important to give the standard distance, rather that the optimal distance.

How can I improve my UHF radio reception? ›

The Solution: Shorten the antenna's coax cable at one end to the desired length, (either aerial base or radio end), fit the plug to the coax and then plug the coax into the UHF radio. This will not damage the antenna or its signal regardless of what 'dB' the aerial is.

Which is better UHF or VHF walkie talkie? ›

VHF has smaller frequencies which means interference with other radios is common. UHF, on the other hand, is an all-around better signal for long distance communication. UHF is better when using radios for indoor use like buildings or around cities.

How Far Will 6 watts transmit? ›

Some handheld radios have 6 watts which can reach up to 20 miles in the right conditions.

What walkie talkies do Navy SEALs use? ›

The AN/PRC-126 radio is used primarily 2-way radio telephone communication among special force team members in the field. AN/PRC-126 Radio is currently used by US Army, USMC, US Navy SEALs, USAF CCT and other special forces.

What walkie talkies do the Marines use? ›

The marine intercom is the VHF maritime band, between 136 and 174 MHz. Because the walkie-talkie used in such an open environment as sea level requires radio waves with strong diffraction ability, it is more suitable to use V-band (156 - 163.275MHz), that is, the VHF band marine walkie-talkie.

HOW FAR CAN military walkie talkies reach? ›

So realistically, for two people carrying a handheld two-way radio, the maximum communication distance on flat ground with no obstructions is around 4 to 6 miles. So you may be wondering why you see radios that have range claims of 25 miles or higher.

What does TX mean on a walkie-talkie? ›

Tx – Short hand for the Transmission of a radio signal. A use of this would be “The headset is having Tx issues” or “The Tx on this radio is GREAT!!” Channel Spacing – The spacing between two adjacent radio channel frequencies.

What's better CB radio or walkie-talkie? ›

For emergency applications, CB radios are superior to two way radios. Often, emergency responders monitor CB channel 9 for distress calls. CB channels are open to the public, meaning no conversation should ever be regarded as completely private. Any CB radio within receiving range can monitor any channel.

Can you use walkie-talkies while driving? ›

The short answer. The short answer is yes – you may legally use a two way radio while driving, as long as this does not cause your driving to suffer in any way. The detail behind this simplified answer, and which every two way radio user should be aware of, requires a slightly fuller explanation.

Whats the difference between VHF and UHF? ›

Radios with lower frequencies (VHF) have longer wavelengths, making them ideal for work across wide areas free from obstruction, as well as outdoor use. UHF radios operate at a higher frequency, which is ideally suited for wireless communications that need to penetrate buildings, walls, concrete, or other barriers.

What happens if you dont have a GMRS license? ›

The FCC requires two-way radio users to hold a GMRS license before transmitting a signal, penalties for unlicensed usage can be up to $10,000 plus jail time. Millions of unknowing users are breaking the law in using GMRS radios; arguably, most of them are using them for legitimate reasons.

Does FCC monitor ham radios? ›

Years ago the FCC was actively involved in monitoring not only commercial broadcast frequencies, but ham radio bands as well. There were monitoring stations set up around the country for this purpose. They also had mobile vans for locating offenders.

What wireless frequency is illegal? ›

In 2010, the FCC prohibited the operation of wireless microphones and similar devices (e.g., wireless intercoms, wireless in-ear monitors, wireless audio instrument links, and wireless cueing equipment) in the 700 MHz Band (i.e., 698 - 806 MHz).

Can you use Baofeng as walkie-talkie without a license? ›

The baofengs are easy to program for FRS/GMRS frequencies. Also, it is perfectly legal to transmit on ham frequencies without a license in an emergency. I typically program in repeaters where I travel for this reason, but don't use them for basic communication.

Why do walkie talkies require a license? ›

Because licensed radios operate on dedicated channels, concerns about congestion, interrupted or insecure transmissions are much lower. Licensed radios offer greater range and coverage. Licensing costs make these radios more expensive to operate.

Can civilians own encrypted radios? ›

This technology is not allowed on CB, FRS, GMRS or MURS, and even if you do still see radios with this feature available for sale online, they are not legal for use in the US.

Are walkie talkies legal in USA? ›

If you are using a walkie-talkie labeled “FRS/GMRS” or one labeled “GMRS” then yes, you do need an FCC license. FRS, or Family Radio Service, channels, are free to use, but GMRS (General Mobile Radio Service) operation does require a license.

How do I get my FCC license for walkie talkies? ›

You can apply for a GMRS license online at, or by filing FCC Form 605, available at The FCC sets license filing fees annually, and current filing fees can be found at

How far will a 1000 watt FM transmitter reach? ›

If an ERP of 1000 Watt is used, it is very probable that the signal will reach 20 kilometers, and it will also penetrate eventual obstacles.

Does VHF or UHF have longer range? ›

VHF and UHF Radios Compared - Which Is Best? VHF (136 - 174MHz) signals generally work best outdoors, giving a somewhat longer range for the same power output than UHF (400 - 470MHz). However, VHF signals really do not work well when there are obstructions like buildings around.

How far will a 100 watt ham transmit? ›

How far can a 100 watt ham radio transmit? A 100 watt radio can transmit up to about 10 miles. However, the distance that a radio can transmit depends on a variety of factors, such as the type of antenna used, the height of the antenna, and the weather conditions.

Which frequency is best for long range? ›

When it comes to high frequency two-way radios, you have two main options. These are Very High-Frequency radios (VHF) and Ultra High-Frequency radios (UHF). VHF radios have a frequency of 30MHz – 300MHz. These signals can travel up to 100 miles, making them suitable for long-distance use.

How far will a 4 watt CB transmit? ›

Transmitter power is limited to 4 watts in the US and the EU. CB radios have a range of about 3 miles (4.8 km) to 20 miles (32 km) depending on terrain, for line of sight communication; however, various radio propagation conditions may intermittently allow communication over much greater distances.

Do walkie talkies need line of sight? ›

The end result is that UHF walkie talkies are generally considered "line-of-sight" devices. While you can definitely get signal around bends, it is important to know that the radio waves have to bounce to get to you, thus drastically reducing their strength.

Does grounding an antenna improve reception? ›

If left unimpeded, this current will travel up the antenna coaxial cable and get inside, potentially introducing noise and interfering with reception. Grounding your antenna should also draw away such noise.

Why does my radio get better reception when I touch it? ›

YOU are an antenna! If you improve reception by standing near or touching the radio or antenna, your system is telling you it needs a better antenna. A rotorized (pointable) antenna is preferable to a stationary antenna.

How far does a UHF radio reach? ›

Add obstructions or interference, and most UHF two-way radios have a realistic range of between 1 to 4 miles.

Does the military still use walkie talkies? ›

Today, the military still uses modernized versions of this type of walkie-talkie. Most military organizations use options like the AN/PRC-148 Multiband Inter/Intra Team Radio (MBITR), which can communicate on a variety of bands and also has encryption capabilities.

What two way radios do the military use? ›

What are the Best Military Radios?
  • Motorola RMU2040. First up on our list is the Motorola RMU2040. ...
  • Motorola RDU4100. Let's up the power level here with the Motorola RDU4100. ...
  • Motorola RDU4160d. ...
  • The Most Powerful Military Radio. ...
  • The Most Economic Military Radio. ...
  • The Most Durable Military Radio.

What radios does the US Army use? ›

Currently, the US and other allied forces use the Single Channel Ground and Airborne Radio System (SINCGARS) radio.

What frequency do military radios use? ›

The military services use the 138-144 MHz band to support air-to-ground, air-to-air, and air-ground-air (AGA) tactical communications; air traffic control operations; LMR nets for sustaining base and installation infrastructure support; and for tactical training and test range support.


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